Tempest and typhoon

Steven K. Reinhardt, James R. Larus, David A. Wood
1998 25 years of the international symposia on Computer architecture (selected papers) - ISCA '98  
Future parallel computers must efficiently execute not only hand-coded applications but also programs written in high-level, parallel programming languages. Today's machines limit these programs to a single communication paradigm, either message-passing or shared-memory, which results in uneven performance. This paper addresses this problem by defining an interface, Tempest, that exposes low-level communication and memory-system mechanisms so programmers and compilers can customize policies for
more » ... a given application. Typhoon is a proposed hardware platform that implements these mechanisms with a fully-programmable, user-level processor in the network interface. We demonstrate the utility of Tempest with two examples. First, the Stache protocol uses Tempest's finegrain access control mechanisms to manage part of a processor's local memory as a large, fully-associative cache for remote data. We simulated Typhoon on the Wisconsin Wind Tunnel and found that Stache running on Typhoon performs comparably (±30%) to an all-hardware Dir N NB cache-coherence protocol for five shared-memory programs. Second, we illustrate how programmers or compilers can use Tempest's flexibility to exploit an application's sharing patterns with a custom protocol. For the EM3D application, the custom protocol improves performance up to 35% over the all-hardware protocol.
doi:10.1145/285930.286008 dblp:conf/isca/ReinhardtLW98a fatcat:2ggsngclordifld3ksmlfcri3m