Lantern: an integrative repository of functional annotations for lncRNAs in the human genome

Swapna Vidhur Daulatabad, Rajneesh Srivastava, Sarath Chandra Janga
2021 BMC Bioinformatics  
Background With advancements in omics technologies, the range of biological processes where long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved, is expanding extensively, thereby generating the need to develop lncRNA annotation resources. Although, there are a plethora of resources for annotating genes, despite the extensive corpus of lncRNA literature, the available resources with lncRNA ontology annotations are rare. Results We present a lncRNA annotation extractor and repository (Lantern), developed
more » ... using PubMed's abstract retrieval engine and NCBO's recommender annotation system. Lantern's annotations were benchmarked against lncRNAdb's manually curated free text. Benchmarking analysis suggested that Lantern has a recall of 0.62 against lncRNAdb for 182 lncRNAs and precision of 0.8. Additionally, we also annotated lncRNAs with multiple omics annotations, including predicted cis-regulatory TFs, interactions with RBPs, tissue-specific expression profiles, protein co-expression networks, coding potential, sub-cellular localization, and SNPs for ~ 11,000 lncRNAs in the human genome, providing a one-stop dynamic visualization platform. Conclusions Lantern integrates a novel, accurate semi-automatic ontology annotation engine derived annotations combined with a variety of multi-omics annotations for lncRNAs, to provide a central web resource for dissecting the functional dynamics of long non-coding RNAs and to facilitate future hypothesis-driven experiments. The annotation pipeline and a web resource with current annotations for human lncRNAs are freely available on sysbio.lab.iupui.edu/lantern.
doi:10.1186/s12859-021-04207-3 pmid:34039271 fatcat:z36u7e2klba4teqoxuuwcvljmy