1906 African Affairs  
The country rises from an altitude of 780 feet to 7000 feet above sea level. The principal rivers are the Zambesi, the Chambesi, the Luapula, Kafukwe, Kalangwisi, and Lofu. There are a large number of smaller streams, which for the most part form tributaries of the larger rivers, or fall into the several lakes, the principal of which are Tanganyika, Bangweolo, Mweru, and Young. The climate in the low-lying portions of the country, particularly on the banks of the larger rivers, is malarious;
more » ... the higher land is very healthy and suitable for European settlement. From what can be learned from the older settlers good health is maintained on the higher lands the whole year round. Like other tropical and sub-tropical countries there are the wet and dry seasons. The former may be said to commence in December and finish about March. The most unhealthy time of the year is from the commencement of the rains till about two months after their close; but in a country where NORTH-EASTERN RHODESIA I3I there is such difference in the altitude, which means difference in temperature, rainfall, &c, very different conditions must, of course, prevail. It therefore becomes almost possible to choose the climate which suits best. Apart from the ordinary malaria, there does not appear to be any other disease peculiar to the country, at least, so far as has been noticed. The high land is well timbered in places, but for the greater part is bushy and undulating, interspersed with patches of open, which are now being speedily brought under the hoe, and settled upon by the ever-increasing native population. For a full six months of the year the country enjoys the benefits of the south-eastern " Trades,." and during the remaining portion of the year is cooled by the rain clouds and northern breezes; thus equalising the temperature throughout the year. A good deal of advice is usually given to the "fresh arrival " as regards the preservation of health. What food is best to eat? What is the best drink? What also is the best clothing to wear ? What medicines should be taken ? I must say, from all I have seen of the country, that the person of sound constitution, who does not seek to deprive himself of the ordinary comforts of life he has been accustomed to, and takes reasonable care of himself, needs no advice; but the constitution must be sound. There is no sanatorium, and people in a delicate state of health would do well to avoid the country for some time to come. There is still some "roughing" to be done; but, as may be gathered from the following observations, the healthy, energetic, and enterprising man, with just sufficient capital to tide over the first year or two, will in the end meet the rewards his patience and industry merit. This is no country for the sceptical or despondent; neither is it a country for the man lacking in enterprise, ingenuity, or resource. Of Rhodesian countries this is the most recent acquisition. Southern Rhodesia has already become a large revenue-producing country, and has taken her place among the South African States. 132 JOURNAL OF THE AFRICAN SOCIETY
doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.afraf.a094856 fatcat:bemfh3vayvfenjv3s2sryj6ha4