Determination of Nateglinide in Tablet Formulation by HPLC Using a Pentafluorophenyl Core-Shell Column
Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology
Nateglinide is an insulin secretagogue which has been used for the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. A simple analytical methodology for determination of nateglinide in tablet formulation is described. An isocratic reversed phase high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed using Kinetex pentafluorophenyl (PFP) (5µm particle size and 4.6 x 150 mm id) core-shell column as stationary phase and 0.05 M Na2HPO4 (pH=2.0) / methanol (30:70 v/v) mixture as mobile phase with
... he flow rate of 1.0 mL min -1 and diode-array detector at 215 nm. Column was termostated at 22°C. Under these conditions nateglinide was eluted with a symmetrical peak shape and the retention time was 4.779 minutes. The system suitability parameters such as tailing factor, capacity factor and theoretical plate were evaluted. The method was validated as per International Council on Harmonisation (ICH) guidelines. Linearity was obtained in the 2.54 -40.70 µg mL -1 concentration range with equation y= 10.818x + 4.7048 (R 2 = 0.998). Limit of detection and limit of quantification were 1.07 and 2.54 µg mL -1 . Accuracy of the method was tested by recovery studies which were in the range of 98.78 -100.76 %. The intra-day and inter-day precision studies were carried out and the relative standard deviation values of peak areas were within ICH limits. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of nateglinide in tablet dosage form.