Fracture of the astragalus in pediatric patients, an unusual entity

Salomon Jasqui Remba, Isaac Baley Amiga, Lucero Noemi Santos Aragón, Mauricio Montalvo, Daniel Portman Santos
2021 International journal of surgery case reports  
The fracture of the astragalus is an unusual bone fracture (Ladero and Concejero, 2004) and is even more unusual in pediatric patients. The astragalus is a bone surrounded by cartilage and other structures making it difficult to appreciate on an X-ray which can lead to misdiagnosis (Ladero and Concejero, 2004; Inal and Inal, 2014) and could lead to not applying the right treatment and risk avascular necrosis or other sequelae. 3-year-old male with foot pain and edema+++, unable to walk or stand
more » ... le to walk or stand up since a fall 2 days before, had a doubtful diagnosis after an x-ray showed no apparent bone injury. A CT scan confirmed astragulus fracture; it was then treated adequately, thus avoiding complications that could have occurred had the fracture not been diagnosed and treated correctly. The limb was immobilized with a suropodalic cast for 5 weeks. No surgery was performed because of the patient's age and because the fracture was not displaced (Hawkins type 1) (Jasqui-Remba and Rodriguez-Corlay, 2016; Urrutia et al., 1999). There is a risk of misdiagnosis in these cases since the astragulus fracture might not show up in an X-ray, as in the case presented. A CT scan can detect the fracture and thus help consolidate the bone correctly. The correct differential diagnosis also reduces the risk of avascular necrosis, which increases due to poor blood supply to the astragalus.
doi:10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.105648 pmid:33714898 fatcat:2yxa4qhruzdk5mo53tumt7rhem