Few-shot Structured Radiology Report Generation Using Natural Language Prompts [article]

Matthias Keicher, Kamilia Mullakaeva, Tobias Czempiel, Kristina Mach, Ashkan Khakzar, Nassir Navab
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Chest radiograph reporting is time-consuming, and numerous solutions to automate this process have been proposed. Due to the complexity of medical information, the variety of writing styles, and free text being prone to typos and inconsistencies, the efficacy of quantifying the clinical accuracy of free-text reports using natural language processing measures is challenging. On the other hand, structured reports ensure consistency and can more easily be used as a quality assurance tool. To
more » ... lish this, we present a strategy for predicting clinical observations and their anatomical location that is easily extensible to other structured findings. First, we train a contrastive language-image model using related chest radiographs and free-text radiological reports. Then, we create textual prompts for each structured finding and optimize a classifier for predicting clinical findings and their associations within the medical image. The results indicate that even when only a few image-level annotations are used for training, the method can localize pathologies in chest radiographs and generate structured reports.
arXiv:2203.15723v1 fatcat:dad4pnshezbanl7nojmp4tnema