Association of Test Results for 33 Frequently Used Laboratory Tests with Body Mass Index (BMI)
Clinical and Experimental Investigations
Once considered a problem only for high-income countries, obesity rates are now rising worldwide. When evaluating test results from obese patients it is important to be aware of the effect of obesity on individual laboratory test results. The aim of the present study was to study the association between body mass index (BMI) and a group of frequently requested laboratory tests to evaluate which of these analytes that are affected by BMI. We analyzed the association between body mass index (BMI)
... and Alanine aminotransaminase (ALT), Albumin, Alkaline phosphatase, Pancreatic amylase, Apolipoprotein A1, Apolipoprotein B, Apolipoprotein B/Apolipoprotein A1 ratio, Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), AST/ALT ratio, Bilirubin, Calcium, Calprotectin, Cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, Creatinine kinase (CK), Creatinine, C-reactive protein, Cystatin C, Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), Iron, Iron saturation, Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Magnesium, Phosphate, Transferrin, Triglycerides, Urate, Urea, Zink, Hemoglobin, Platelet count and White blood cell count in an 80-year old population (n=531, 266 females and 265 males). There were significant Spearman rank associations between BMI and laboratory test results for several of the studied markers in both females and males. The strongest associations with BMI were noted for ALT, Apolipoprotein A1, HDL-cholesterol, Hemoglobin, CRP, Cystatin C, Triglycerides and Urate. In conclusion, several of the most frequently used laboratory markers are significantly associated with BMI. To be able to correctly interpret a test result it is important to be aware of the effects of BMI on the test results.