Research on cluster overlap and non-overlap region for 5G-IoV networks with NOMA
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking
AbstractAs a multi hop self-organizing network, wireless sensor network has the ability to cooperatively sense, collect and process the information of the sensed objects. The applications of WCN in 5G-based Internet of Vehicles (5G-IoV), using information fusion and intelligent information processing technologies, can obtain more reliable and accurate detection parameters, which has been widely concerned. However, the massive connectivity and information exchange in 5G-IoV pose great challenges
... to the bandwidth efficiency. In order to overcome these issues in 5G-IoV networks, a performance enhanced scheme based on non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is proposed. In the proposed scheme, different vehicle locations are respectively discussed, i.e., whether in the overlap region of cluster head vehicles (CHVs). In particular, different to conventional works, each receiving node only decodes the desired signal to avoid performance loss provided from the poor channel quality limitation. On the other hand, all CHVs decode-and-forward new superposition coded signals with new power allocation factors, while that the maximum ratio combining is utilized at receivers to further improve the ergodic sum-rate (SR) and probability of conflict. The closed-form expressions of ergodic SR for our proposed scheme are analyzed under the independent Rayleigh fading channels. Numerical results corroborating our theoretical analysis show that the superposition coded signal transmission scheme applied to the proposed NOMA-IoV improves the ergodic SR performance significantly compared with the existing works, especially for the high signal-to-noise region.