Quantitative mapping of the brain's structural connectivity using diffusion MRI tractography: a review [article]

Fan Zhang, Alessandro Daducci, Yong He, Simona Schiavi, Caio Seguin, Robert Smith, Chun-Hung Yeh, Tengda Zhao, Lauren J. O'Donnell
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) tractography is an advanced imaging technique that enables in vivo mapping of the brain's white matter connections at macro scale. Over the last two decades, the study of brain connectivity using dMRI tractography has played a prominent role in the neuroimaging research landscape. In this paper, we provide a high-level overview of how tractography is used to enable quantitative analysis of the brain's structural connectivity in health and disease. We
more » ... irst provide a review of methodology involved in three main processing steps that are common across most approaches for quantitative analysis of tractography, including methods for tractography correction, segmentation and quantification. For each step, we aim to describe methodological choices, their popularity, and potential pros and cons. We then review studies that have used quantitative tractography approaches to study the brain's white matter, focusing on applications in neurodevelopment, aging, neurological disorders, mental disorders, and neurosurgery. We conclude that, while there have been considerable advancements in methodological technologies and breadth of applications, there nevertheless remains no consensus about the "best" methodology in quantitative analysis of tractography, and researchers should remain cautious when interpreting results in research and clinical applications.
arXiv:2104.11644v1 fatcat:l3ixpcwu7jb7zcqo2sm5pswmja