Learning-based Fast Path Planning in Complex Environments [article]

Jianbang Liu, Baopu Li, Tingguang Li, Wenzheng Chi, Jiankun Wang, Max Q.-H. Meng
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we present a novel path planning algorithm to achieve fast path planning in complex environments. Most existing path planning algorithms are difficult to quickly find a feasible path in complex environments or even fail. However, our proposed framework can overcome this difficulty by using a learning-based prediction module and a sampling-based path planning module. The prediction module utilizes an auto-encoder-decoder-like convolutional neural network (CNN) to output a
more » ... region where the feasible path probably lies in. In this process, the environment is treated as an RGB image to feed in our designed CNN module, and the output is also an RGB image. No extra computation is required so that we can maintain a high processing speed of 60 frames-per-second (FPS). Incorporated with a sampling-based path planner, we can extract a feasible path from the output image so that the robot can track it from start to goal. To demonstrate the advantage of the proposed algorithm, we compare it with conventional path planning algorithms in a series of simulation experiments. The results reveal that the proposed algorithm can achieve much better performance in terms of planning time, success rate, and path length.
arXiv:2110.10041v1 fatcat:bl4jllchqzbtvdzc5ubr5onpgy