Effect of Fiber Loading and Compatibilizer on Rheological, Mechanical and Morphological Behaviors

Inul Azianti Noranizan, Ishak Ahmad
2012 Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry  
This study presents the composites prepared by melt blending based on high-density polyethylene, containing various amounts of kenaf fiber loadings and polyethylene-grafted maleic anhydride (PE-g-MA) in an internal mixer were prepared and investigated. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was used to characterize both untreated and treated kenaf fibers. A rheological study of the composites showed a high complex viscosity and dynamic shear storage modulus between untreated and treated
more » ... and treated composites and composites with compatibilizer. A mechanical test showed that the tensile strength and tensile modulus were optimal with 20% fiber loading but decreased with 30% fiber loading for both the untreated and treated composites. The composite with PE-g-MA showed an improved mechanical strength. This phenomenon is due to an increase in the interfacial adhesion between the fiber and matrix leading to an improvement in the compatibility of the blend. Treatment of the kenaf fiber improved in the mechanical and impact strengths in comparison to the untreated kenaf composites. This behavior was supported by a morphology analysis of the fractured surfaces revealed that strong interfaces were formed on addition of the compatibilizer.
doi:10.4236/ojpchem.2012.22005 fatcat:gknoigclnfgobgrvldk4td4aoi