Effect of Stretching Stress on Gene Transcription Related to Early-phase Differentiation in Rat Periodontal Ligament Cells

Yasunobu Enokiya, Sadamitsu Hashimoto, Takashi Muramatsu, Han-Sung Jung, Masakazu Tazaki, Takashi Inoue, Yoshihiro Abiko, Masaki Shimono
2010 The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College  
Mechanical stress such as occlusal and orthodontic loading has been suggested to induce a homeostatic and regenerative response in periodontal ligament (PDL), but the underlying mechanism remains to be clarified. The purpose of this study was to investigate expression of mRNAs encoding proteins involved in osteogenesis and homeostasis by PDL cells following application of tensile stress and characterize the relationship between such expression and the regenerative and homeostatic functions of
more » ... atic functions of the PDL. PDL cells were obtained from rats and stretched by 9% or 18% at a frequency of 6 cycles/ min for 12 hr to 5 days in a FX-4000T ™ culture system. After stretching, expression of mRNAs encoding collagen type I (Col-I), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4), heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was investigated. The highest levels of Col-I, ALP and BMP-2 mRNA expression occurred at 12 hr, while those of BMP-4 and HSP70 occurred at 1 day and 5 days, respectively. Expression levels of Col-I, ALP, BMP-2, BMP-4 and HSP70 increased magnitude-dependently with stretching force in the Original Article 129 Bull Tokyo Dent Coll (2010) 51(3): 129-137
doi:10.2209/tdcpublication.51.129 pmid:20877159 fatcat:5tc46aamprdell3obako3dr4xy