Causal relationships between genetically determined metabolites and human intelligence: A Mendelian randomization study [post]

Jian Yang, Binbin Zhao, Li Qian, Fengjie Gao, Yanjuan Fan, Xiaoyan He, Qingyan Ma, Lihong Yang, Bin Yan, Wei Wang, Xiancang Ma
2020 unpublished
Intelligence predicts important life and health outcomes, but the biological mechanisms underlying differences in intelligence are not yet understood. The use of genetically determined metabotypes (GDMs) to understand the role of genetic and environmental factors, and their interactions, in human complex traits has been recently proposed. However, this strategy has not been applied to human intelligence. Here we implemented a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis using GDMs to assess
more » ... the causal relationships between genetically determined metabolites and human intelligence. The standard inverse-variance weighted (IVW) method was used for the primary MR analysis and three additional MR methods (MR-Egger, weighted median, and MR-PRESSO) were used for sensitivity analyses. Using 25 genetic variants as instrumental variables (IVs), our study found that 5-oxoproline was associated with better performance in human intelligence tests (P IVW = 9 · 25×10 -5 ). The causal relationship was robust when sensitivity analyses were applied (P MR-Egger = 0 · 0001, P Weighted median = 6 · 29×10 -6 , P MR-PRESSO = 0 · 0007), and no evidence of horizontal pleiotropy was observed. Similarly, also dihomo-linoleate (20:2n6) and p-acetamidophenylglucuronide showed robust association with intelligence. Our study provides novel insight by integrating genomics and metabolomics to estimate causal effects of genetically determined metabolites on human intelligence, which help to understanding of the biological mechanisms related to human intelligence.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:2pjtxwpvanfvxim3hi67uqpjtq