Estudo do efeito do aporte térmico de uma solda SAW na zona afetada pelo calor de um material API 5L X100M através de simulações computacionais
The objective of this study is to simulate the coarse grain from the heat affected zone (CGHAZ) through computer simulation in finite element software and to submit samples of an API 5L X100M micro alloyed steel to thermal cycling in Gleeble to replicate this region and thus characterize and compare the mechanical and microstructural behavior of the material face to different heat inputs. Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) simulations were performed in finite elements software for heat inputs of 2.0,
... .5, 3.0, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5 and 5.0 kJ/mm. Afterwards, the thermal cycle curve obtained for each simulated heat input was used as the source for the thermal simulation in Gleeble of samples taken from the base metal of a pipe produced for API 5L standard and X100M grade. Subsequently, microhardness tests were performed in the Gleeble simulated samples and in as received material for the purpose of comparing the results. For each heat input simulated, one test specimen was used for microhardness and microstructural analysis. The remaining samples were subjected to a charpy V notch impact test at the temperature of 0°C for the 2.5, 3.0, 4.0 e 4.5 kJ/mm heat inputs and a transition curve was plotted between -60 up to 24°C for heat inputs 2.0, 3.5 and 5.0 kJ/mm. The obtained results demonstrates that there is a correlation between toughness, heat input and the MA constituent morphology, in a way that lower values of absorbed energy were obtained as the simulated heat input increased. In this condition, it was also observed that the MA constituent showed a greater tendency to become more globular than elongated.