A survey on Adversarial Recommender Systems: from Attack/Defense strategies to Generative Adversarial Networks [article]

Yashar Deldjoo and Tommaso Di Noia and Felice Antonio Merra
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Latent-factor models (LFM) based on collaborative filtering (CF), such as matrix factorization (MF) and deep CF methods, are widely used in modern recommender systems (RS) due to their excellent performance and recommendation accuracy. However, success has been accompanied with a major new arising challenge: many applications of machine learning (ML) are adversarial in nature. In recent years, it has been shown that these methods are vulnerable to adversarial examples, i.e., subtle but
more » ... m perturbations designed to force recommendation models to produce erroneous outputs. The goal of this survey is two-fold: (i) to present recent advances on adversarial machine learning (AML) for the security of RS (i.e., attacking and defense recommendation models), (ii) to show another successful application of AML in generative adversarial networks (GANs) for generative applications, thanks to their ability for learning (high-dimensional) data distributions. In this survey, we provide an exhaustive literature review of 74 articles published in major RS and ML journals and conferences. This review serves as a reference for the RS community, working on the security of RS or on generative models using GANs to improve their quality.
arXiv:2005.10322v2 fatcat:4wqcluqgnbbwpkicunn42et5te