Tooth Whitening Effects on Bracket Bond Strength In Vivo

Joseph M. Mullins, Elizabeth C. Kao, Chris A. Martin, Erdogan Gunel, Peter Ngan
2009 Angle Orthodontist  
Objective: To test the hypothesis that there is no difference between the bracket survival rate of brackets bonded to bleached and unbleached teeth. Materials and Methods: Thirty-eight patients who required comprehensive orthodontic treatment were included in the study. A split mouth technique was used with one arch exposed to in-office whitening gel containing 38% hydrogen peroxide for 30 minutes, while the unbleached arch served as the control. Patients were divided into two groups: Brackets
more » ... o groups: Brackets bonded within 24 hours after bleaching and brackets bonded 2-3 weeks after bleaching. The bracket survival rate was computed using the log-rank test (Kaplan-Meier Analysis). Results: A significantly higher rate of bracket failure was found with bleached teeth (16.6%) compared with unbleached teeth (1.8%) after 180 days. Brackets bonded within 24 hours of bleaching resulted in significantly higher clinical failure (14.5%) compared with those bonded after 3 weeks (2.1%). Adhesive Remnant Index scores of failed brackets revealed that the majority of failure in bleached teeth occurred in the enamel/resin interface. Conclusions: The hypothesis was rejected. Brackets bonded within 24 hours after bleaching have a significantly higher risk for bond failure. Orthodontic bonding should be delayed for 2-3 weeks if patients have a history of in-office bleaching with 38% hydrogen peroxide. (Angle Orthod. 2009; 79:777-783.) KEY WORDS: Bleaching; Bond strength; Bracket survival rate
doi:10.2319/042308-226.1 pmid:19537855 fatcat:eokd5xwpgvconf6htoupb3yfeq