Conservation analysis and pathogenicity prediction of mutant genes of ectodysplasin a

Fangqi He, Hongfeng Wang, Xiaoyu Zhang, Qingping Gao, Feng Guo, Chang Chen
2018 BMC Medical Genetics  
Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a common recessive X-linked hereditary disease that affects the development of ectoderm. Gene mutations of ectodysplasin A (EDA) play key roles in process of this disease. In our preliminary study, three unknown mutation sites (c.878 T > G, c.663-697del and c.587-615del) were detected from the pedigrees of HED. Methods: Conservation analysis of the related homologous proteins in 3 unknown EDA gene mutation sites was conducted using the University of
more » ... ifornia Santa Cruz (UCSC) Genome Browser database. SIFT and PolyPhen-2, the online gene function prediction software, were utilized to predict the pathogenicity of point mutation of c.878 T > G. Results: All three unknown mutation sites were located in the highly-conserved region of EDA and possessed strong amino acid conservation among different species. In addition, the results of the pathogenicity prediction of point mutation of c.878 T > G by SIFT (P = 0.00) and PolyPhen-2 (S = 0.997) demonstrated that the mutation site had considerable pathogenicity theoretically. Conclusions: The EDA mutations of c.878 T > G, c.663-697del and c.587-615del may be responsible for the pathogenesis of HED in their pedigrees.
doi:10.1186/s12881-018-0726-2 fatcat:7yu2coun6rg4zhvvbgq5j2w56y