A safe, low-cost and portable instrumentation for bedside time-resolved picosecond near infrared spectroscopy

Marine Amouroux, Wilfried Uhring, Thierry Pebayle, Patrick Poulet, Luc Marlier
2009 Novel Optical Instrumentation for Biomedical Applications IV   unpublished
Continuous wave Near InfraRed Spectroscopy (NIRS) has been used successfully in clinical environments for several years to detect cerebral activation thanks to oxymetry (i.e. absorption of photons by oxy-and deoxy-hemoglobin) measurement. The goal of our group is to build a clinically-adapted time-resolved NIRS setup i.e. a setup that is compact and robust enough to allow bedside measurements and that matches safety requirements with human patients applications. Indeed our group has already
more » ... n that time resolution allows spatial resolution and improves sensitivity of cerebral activation detection. The setup is built with four laser diodes (excitation wavelengths: 685, 780, 830 and 870 nm) whose emitted light is injected into four optical fibers; detection of reflected photons is made through an avalanche photodiode and a high resolution timing module used to record Temporal Point Spread Functions (TPSF). Validation of the device was made using cylindrically-chaped phantoms with absorbing and/or scattering inclusions. Results show that recorded TPSF are typical both of scattering and absorbing materials thus demonstrating that our apparatus would detect variation of optical properties (absorption and scattering) deep within a diffusive media just like a cerebral activation represents a rise of absorption in the cortex underneath head surface.
doi:10.1364/ecbo.2009.7371_0c fatcat:okdkooyqibbd5jovbxmnoy5dlm