Psychiatric advance directives among public mental health consumers in five U.S. cities: prevalence, demand, and correlates

Jeffrey Swanson, Marvin Swartz, Joelle Ferron, Eric Elbogen, Richard Van Dorn
2006 The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law  
Psychiatric advance directives (PADs) are legal instruments that allow competent persons to document their preferences regarding future mental health treatment and to designate a surrogate decisionmaker in the event they lose capacity to make reliable treatment decisions during an acute episode of psychiatric illness. This study reports the findings of a survey of 1,011 psychiatric outpatients in five U.S. cities about their interest in, and completion of, PADs. Across the sites, only 4 to 13
more » ... rcent of participants had completed a PAD; however, between 66 and 77 percent reported wanting to complete one if given assistance. Significantly higher demand for PADs was found among participants who were female; were nonwhite; had a history of self-harm, arrest, and decreased personal autonomy; and those who felt pressured to take medication. Actual completion of PADs was more likely among participants with higher insight, those reporting leverage by a representative payee, and those who felt external pressure to keep outpatient appointments for mental health treatment.
pmid:16585234 fatcat:goodc76levdurjboqn6f4lecey