Fan-Crossing Free Graphs and Their Relationship to other Beyond-Planar Graphs [article]

Franz J. Brandenburg
2020 arXiv   pre-print
A graph is fan-crossing free if it has a drawing in the plane so that each edge is crossed by independent edges, that is the crossing edges have distinct vertices. On the other hand, it is fan-crossing if the crossing edges have a common vertex, that is they form a fan. Both are prominent examples for beyond-planar graphs. Further well-known beyond-planar classes are the k-planar, k-gap-planar, quasi-planar, and right angle crossing graphs. We use the subdivision, node-to-circle expansion and
more » ... th-addition operations to distinguish all these graph classes. In particular, we show that the 2-subdivision and the node-to-circle expansion of any graph is fan-crossing free, which does not hold for fan-crossing and k-(gap)-planar graphs, respectively. Thereby, we obtain graphs that are fan-crossing free and neither fan-crossing nor k-(gap)-planar. Finally, we show that some graphs have a unique fan-crossing free embedding, that there are thinned maximal fan-crossing free graphs, and that the recognition problem for fan-crossing free graphs is NP-complete.
arXiv:2003.08468v2 fatcat:diek3q7zd5hmtklr22zpkr6wqe