Learning 3D Segment Descriptors for Place Recognition [article]

Andrei Cramariuc, Renaud Dubé, Hannes Sommer, Roland Siegwart, Igor Gilitschenski
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In the absence of global positioning information, place recognition is a key capability for enabling localization, mapping and navigation in any environment. Most place recognition methods rely on images, point clouds, or a combination of both. In this work we leverage a segment extraction and matching approach to achieve place recognition in Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) based 3D point cloud maps. One challenge related to this approach is the recognition of segments despite changes in
more » ... nt of view or occlusion. We propose using a learning based method in order to reach a higher recall accuracy then previously proposed methods. Using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), which are state-of-the-art classifiers, we propose a new approach to segment recognition based on learned descriptors. In this paper we compare the effectiveness of three different structures and training methods for CNNs. We demonstrate through several experiments on real-world data collected in an urban driving scenario that the proposed learning based methods outperform hand-crafted descriptors.
arXiv:1804.09270v1 fatcat:vulys5bk7vc45oqc6solus6cvy