Causality and stability conditions of a conformal charged fluid

Farid Taghinavaz
2020 Journal of High Energy Physics  
In this paper, I study the conditions imposed on a normal charged fluid so that the causality and stability criteria hold for this fluid. I adopt the newly developed General Frame (GF) notion in the relativistic hydrodynamics framework which states that hydrodynamic frames have to be fixed after applying the stability and causality conditions. To do this, I take a charged conformal matter in the flat and 3 + 1 dimension to analyze better these conditions. The causality condition is applied by
more » ... ion is applied by looking to the asymptotic velocity of sound hydro modes at the large wave number limit and stability conditions are imposed by looking to the imaginary parts of hydro modes as well as the Routh-Hurwitz criteria. By fixing some of the transports, the suitable spaces for other ones are derived. I observe that in a dense medium having a finite U(1) charge with chemical potential µ 0 , negative values for transports appear and the second law of thermodynamics has not ruled out the existence of such values. Sign of scalar transports are not limited by any constraints and just a combination of vector transports is limited by the second law of thermodynamic. Also numerically it is proved that the most favorable region for transportsγ 1,2 , coefficients of the dissipative terms of the current, is of negative values.
doi:10.1007/jhep08(2020)119 fatcat:x7sscpyid5ed7atpjuojyvhwse