Three Cases of Hypoventilation in the First Decade with an Unusual Presentation and Rare Etiology: A Case Report
Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics
Alveolar hypoventilation is defined as insufficient ventilation. The primary feature of this disorder is insufficient sleep-related ventilation. The differential diagnosis of pediatric hypoventilation includes congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS), ROHHAD syndrome, Chiari malformation, Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), and neuromuscular disorders (e.g. congenital myopathy, brain trauma, and central nervous system tumors). Case Presentation: In this article, we report two cases of
... two cases of hypoventilation in the first decade of life with abnormal presentations (e.g., arterial and venous thrombosis). We also present a case of hypoventilation with an uncommon etiology and compare the therapeutic strategies for these patients. Conclusions: The aim of this case report was to raise awareness of this unusual presentation of ROHHAD syndrome. Due to the low incidence of this syndrome, further studies are warranted to collect more information about its pathophysiology and symptoms. In addition, we noticed a rare etiology of hypoventilation (brain trauma).