Low frequency of drug-resistant virus did not affect the therapeutic efficacy in daclatasvir plus asunaprevir therapy in patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection
The efficacy of a direct-acting antiviral agent (DAA) is compromised by the development of drug resistance. The associations between resistanceassociated virus (RAV) and therapeutic outcomes have not been well-understood. Methods: Thirty patients with HCV genotype 1b were enrolled, and treated for 24 weeks with asunaprevir (ASV) and daclatasvir (DCV). Viral sequences in nonstructural (NS) regions 3 and 5A in serum and liver tissue before treatment were examined with direct sequencing,
... quencing, Next-generation sequencing (NGS), and the PCR-invader method to evaluate the importance of drug-resistance in the prediction of the outcomes of ASV plus DCV therapy. Results: Of 30 patients (17 naïve patients, 5 interferon-intolerant patient, and 8 non-responders), 25 patients (83.3%) achieved sustained virological response (SVR) 24 weeks after the treatment. Viral breakthrough occurred in 3 naïve patients and one non-responder. One naïve patient experienced viral relapse. Among 25 patients without RAV, 24 obtained SVR, whereas 5 patients had RAV with a 1.3 to 88% frequency, resulting in various therapeutic outcomes. As for HCV compartments, similar RAVs were detected in serum and liver tissue for a patient obtaining SVR despite HCV NS5A Y93H and another developed viral breakthrough although no RAV was detected. Direct sequencing could not detect RAVs in low frequency (1.3 to 12%) for 3 of 4 patients.