Hybrid Feature-Based Disease Detection in Plant Leaf Using Convolutional Neural Network, Bayesian Optimized SVM, and Random Forest Classifier

Ashutosh Kumar Singh, SVN Sreenivasu, U.S.B. K. Mahalaxmi, Himanshu Sharma, Dinesh D. Patil, Evans Asenso, Rijwan Khan
2022 Journal of Food Quality  
Plant diseases are unfavourable factors that cause a significant decrease in the quality and quantity of crops. Experienced biologists or farmers often observe plants with the naked eye for disease, but this method is often imprecise and can take a long time. In this study, we use artificial intelligence and computer vision techniques to achieve the goal of designing and developing an intelligent classification mechanism for leaf diseases. This paper follows two methodologies and their
more » ... n outcomes are compared for performance evaluation. In the first part, data augmentation is performed on the PlantVillage data set images (for apple, corn, potato, tomato, and rice plants), and their deep features are extracted using convolutional neural network (CNN). These features are classified by a Bayesian optimized support vector machine classifier and the results attained in terms of precision, sensitivity, f-score, and accuracy. The above-said methodologies will enable farmers all over the world to take early action to prevent their crops from becoming irreversibly damaged, thereby saving the world and themselves from a potential economic crisis. The second part of the methodology starts with the preprocessing of data set images, and their texture and color features are extracted by histogram of oriented gradient (HoG), GLCM, and color moments. Here, the three types of features, that is, color, texture, and deep features, are combined to form hybrid features. The binary particle swarm optimization is applied for the selection of these hybrid features followed by the classification with random forest classifier to get the simulation results. Binary particle swarm optimization plays a crucial role in hybrid feature selection; the purpose of this Algorithm is to obtain the suitable output with the least features. The comparative analysis of both techniques is presented with the use of the above-mentioned evaluation parameters.
doi:10.1155/2022/2845320 fatcat:gbctc4qqajeehpeaviu753dd3m