Fluctuations and correlations of conserved charges near the QCD critical point

Wei-jie Fu, Yue-liang Wu
2010 Physical Review D  
We study the fluctuations and correlations of conserved charges, i.e. the baryon number, electric charge and the strangeness at finite temperature and nonzero baryon chemical potential with an effective model. The fluctuations are calculated up to the fourth-order and the correlations to the third-order. We find that the second-order fluctuations and correlations have a peak or valley structure when the chiral phase transition takes place with the increase of the baryon chemical potential; the
more » ... hird-order fluctuations and correlations change their signs during the chiral phase transition and the fourth-order fluctuations have two maximum and one minimum. we also depict contour plots of various fluctuations and correlations of conserved charges in the plane of temperature and baryon chemical potential. We find that higher order fluctuations and correlations of conserved charges are superior to the second-order ones to be used to search for the critical point in heavy ion collision experiments.
doi:10.1103/physrevd.82.074013 fatcat:uukze7h6mvcotn5y236wd75zda