Effects of Pharmacological Dose of Dexamethasone Given Postnatally on Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability and Brain Water Content
American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Effects of postnatal dexamethasone on bloodbrain barrier permeability and brain water content in newborn lambs. Am J Physiol Regulatory Integrative Comp Physiol 280: R547-R553, 2001.-We showed that antenatal corticosteroids reduced blood-brain barrier permeability in fetuses at 60 and 80%, but not 90% of gestation, and decreased brain water content in fetuses. Our objective was to examine the effects of postnatal corticosteroids on regional blood-brain barrier permeability and brain water
... d brain water content in newborn lambs. Three dexamethasone treatment groups were studied in 3-to 5-day-old lambs. A 0.01 mg/kg dose was selected to estimate the amount of dexamethasone that might have reached fetuses via antenatal treatment of ewes in our previous studies. The other doses (0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg) were chosen to approximate those used clinically to treat infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Lambs were randomly assigned to receive four intramuscular injections of dexamethasone or placebo given 12 h apart on days 3 and 4 of age. Blood-brain barrier function was measured with the blood-to-brain transfer constant (Ki) to ␣-aminoisobutyric acid, brain plasma volume was measured with polyethylene glycol for the calculation of Ki, and brain water was measured by wet-to-dry tissue weights. Postnatal treatment with corticosteroids did not reduce barrier permeability in newborn lambs. Brain blood volume was higher in the 0.25 and 0.5 mg/kg dose dexamethasone groups than in the placebo group. Brain water content did not differ among the groups. We conclude that postnatal treatment with corticosteroids did not reduce regional blood-brain barrier permeability or brain water content but increased the brain plasma volume in newborn lambs. These findings are consistent with our previous work indicating that barrier permeability is responsive to corticosteroids at 60 and 80% of gestation and brain water regulation at 60% of gestation, but not in near-term fetuses or newborn lambs. 2. Sysyn GD, Petersson KH, Patlak CS, Sadowska GB, and Stonestreet BS. Effects of postnatal dexamethasone on bloodbrain barrier permeability and brain water content in newborn lambs. Am J Physiol Regulatory Integrative Comp Physiol 280: R547-R553, 2001. 3. Temesvá ri P, Joó F, Koltai M, Eck E, Á dá m G, Sikló s L, and Boda D. Cerebroprotective effect of dexamethasone by increasing the tolerance to hypoxia and preventing brain oedema in newborn piglets with experimental pneumothorax. Neurosci Lett 49: 87-92, 1984. 4. Temesvári P, Joó F, Ková cs J, and Á brahá m CS. Ischemiareperfusion-induced alteration of blood-brain barrier transport in newborn pigs.