Differential production of high molecular weight sulfated glycoproteins in normal colonic mucosa, primary colon carcinoma, and metastases

T Yamori, H Kimura, K Stewart, D M Ota, K R Cleary, T Irimura
1987 Cancer Research  
Sulfated macromolecules synthesized in tumor and mucosa tissues derived from colorectal cancer patients were labeled with [35S]sulfate and separated into two fractions on DEAE-Sephacel: the slightly acidic peak (peak I) was eluted with 0.2 M NaCl and the highly acidic peak (peak II) was eluted with 0.5 M NaCl. A total of 40 specimens, which included primary colon cancer, liver metastases, and normal mucosa obtained at surgery (16 patients), were examined regarding the amount of peak I and peak
more » ... of peak I and peak II. The amount of peak I significantly decreased in the order of normal mucosa greater than primary tumors greater than metastases, while the amount of peak II did not significantly change among the tissues. Peak I was mostly resistant to chondroitinase ABC and nitrous acid treatment under acidic conditions, whereas combined chondroitinase-sensitive materials and nitrous acid-sensitive materials were greater than 80% of the radioactivity in peak II. The major radioactive component of peak I migrated at a position corresponding to Mr greater than 300,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and became Mr less than 40,000 after alkaline borohydride treatment. The major component of peak I was likely to be a sulfated glycoprotein containing sulfate groups on alkaline labile carbohydrate chains. Peak II consisted of a mixture of heparan sulfate proteoglycans and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans. Differential incorporation of [35S]sulfate into peak I among normal mucosa, primary colon carcinoma, and colon carcinoma metastasis was observed. Therefore, decreased peak I production may be a biochemical change associated with colorectal cancer progression and metastasis.
pmid:3567900 fatcat:udpsaf5k2fd7fff4eg3nqktxee