Analysis of Precipitation Extremes in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, China: Spatio-Temporal Characteristics and Topography Effects

Genbatu Ge, Zhongjie Shi, Xiaohui Yang, Yuguang Hao, Hao Guo, Fandjinou Kossi, Zhiming Xin, Wei Wei, Zhiyong Zhang, Xiao Zhang, Yanshu Liu, Junhui Liu
2017 Atmosphere  
Although precipitation extremes exert a major influence on populations and the environment, trend analysis for the entire Qinghai-Tibetan plateau (QTP) has not previously been undertaken. In this study, meteorological data from 83 weather stations was used to analyze the temporal trends and spatial distribution of 10 extreme precipitation indices over the QTP during 1975-2014. The Mann Kendall test and Sen's slope estimator were used to determine significances and magnitudes of station trends.
more » ... patially, stations recording increasing trends were mainly distributed in the southwestern, central and northern regions. Stations with decreasing trends were centered on the eastern and southeastern areas. Temporally, all indices had an increasing trend except for consecutive dry days (CDD) and consecutive wet days (CWD) during the study period. The contribution of extreme precipitation to total precipitation showed a significant increasing trend. These findings may be due to the complex interaction between the large-scale circulation and topography. In general, the changes of extreme precipitation indicated an enhanced tendency, with the frequency, intensity and amount of heavy precipitation increasing over time. Furthermore, altitude dependency of extreme precipitation does not exist in QTP, with topography effects on changes in precipitation extremes being more obvious in the higher elevation, flat, and hill stations.
doi:10.3390/atmos8070127 fatcat:yngyl5zvsfg2pjsfc7xrvebrsy