Nature-Based Solutions: Traditional Approaches Complying with Nowadays Engineering and Ecosystem-Related Challenges

Michael Obriejetan
2019 Global Journal of Engineering Sciences  
In light of the ongoing climate and biodiversity debates, nature-based solutions have become key to restore lost ecosystems related to civil and water engineering activities. Hitherto, Soil and Water Bioengineering (SWB) designs have been playing subordinate roles in engineering applications due to little recognition from a (geo)technical point of view and to widespread limited trust and conviction in long-lasting safety and predictability. For decades SWB techniques have been primarily used
more » ... stabilization and mechanical reinforcement of slopes, riverbanks and roadside infrastructures. However, SWB offers a variety of designs and applications complying inherently with the core targets of Naturebased Solutions (NbS). SWB systems advance great potential and are increasingly acknowledged for playing a key role in ecological and structural restoration projects, in hazard risk mitigation and in land management providing manifold functionalities. They deliver important services to storm water and runoff retention, landscape and habitat connectivity, and to climate change adaptation.
doi:10.33552/gjes.2019.04.000580 fatcat:3sbmfwqembbuhhqfcsawv3d52u