Universal temporal rate of DNA replication origin firing: A balance between origin activation and passivation [article]

Jean-Michel Arbona, Arach Goldar, Olivier Hyrien, Alain Arneodo, Benjamin Audit
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
The time-dependent rate I(t) of origin firing per length of unreplicated DNA presents a universal bell shape in eukaryotes that has been interpreted as the result of a complex time-evolving interaction between origins and limiting firing factors. Here we show that a normal diffusion of replication fork components towards localized potential replication origins (p-oris) can more simply account for the I(t) universal bell shape, as a consequence of a competition between the origin firing time and
more » ... the time needed to replicate DNA separating two neighboring p-oris. We predict the I(t) maximal value to be the product of the replication fork speed with the squared p-ori density. We show that this relation is robustly observed in simulations and in experimental data for several eukaryotes. Our work underlines that fork-component recycling and potential origins localization are sufficient spatial ingredients to explain the universality of DNA replication kinetics.
doi:10.1101/243634 fatcat:s6wgfy7strclpkdp72zo43olta