Implementation analysis of efficient heuristic algorithms for the traveling salesman problem

Dorabela Gamboa, César Rego, Fred Glover
2006 Computers & Operations Research  
The state-of-the-art of local search heuristics for the traveling salesman problem (TSP) is chiefly based on algorithms using the classical Lin-Kernighan (LK) procedure and the stem-and-cycle (S&C) ejection chain method. Critical aspects of implementing these algorithms efficiently and effectively rely on taking advantage of special data structures and on maintaining appropriate candidate lists to store and update potentially available moves. We report the outcomes of an extensive series of
more » ... s on problems ranging from 1000 to 1,000,000 nodes, showing that by intelligently exploiting elements of data structures and candidate lists routinely included in state-of-the-art TSP solution software, the S&C algorithm clearly outperforms all implementations of the LK procedure. Moreover, these outcomes are achieved without the use of special tuning and implementation tricks that are incorporated into the leading versions of the LK procedure to enhance their computational efficiency.
doi:10.1016/j.cor.2005.06.014 fatcat:g5iof6dn7favppwwx7turhdlxu