Preliminary Evidence for Enhanced Adsorption of Cadmium(II) Ions using Nano-Magnetite Aligned in Silica Gel Matrix

K.W. Kow, P.L. Kiew, R. Yusoff, E.C. Abdullah
2017 Chemical Engineering Transactions  
The effect of aligning nano-magnetite particles in silica gel matrix to the adsorption was studied. Nano- magnetite particles were first synthesised and then aligned in a silica gel matrix to form nanocomposite. As such, it prevents the agglomeration of nanoparticles while providing porous path for the adsorbate to adhere on the adsorption sites. By aligning the nanoparticles in gel matrix, mutual cancellations of local magnetic fields among nanoparticles can be minimised. It is hypothesised
more » ... t aligning the nano-magnetite particles ingel matrix can enhance its adsorption performance. Adsorption of Cd2+ ions were carried out using both non-aligned and aligned nanocomposite. Two adsorbent dosage was used, i.e., 0.1 g and 1 g in 50 mL of 100 ppm Cd2+ solution. Enhanced adsorption capacity was observed in aligned nanocomposite under both of these dosages. For the low dosage adsorption, the equilibrium adsorption capacity (Qe) obtained from pseudo- second order model is 978.8 mg/g, which is 68 % higher than the non-aligned nanocomposite. Whereas forhigh dosage adsorption, Qe does not show significant difference in both the aligned and non-aligned nanocomposites. It is evident that aligning nano-magnetite particles in gel matrix enhanced adsorption performance of nanocomposite. However, the advantage of such nanocomposite diminished with high adsorbent dosage due to near-field interactions of adsorbent. Proper adsorption scheme should be carefully designed to utilise the full potential of such nanocomposite.
doi:10.3303/cet1756206 doaj:f3320710371e40838672b7138a1c7a74 fatcat:pmgt5wdjwza2bkwztfpe5il5eq