The Home Medical Library

1907 Journal of the American Medical Association  
The first volume is devoted to first aid in emergencies, including emergency treatment of fractures, dislocations, wounds, poisoning, and accidents of various sorts, as well as a popular consideration of germ diseases, with some instructions regarding prevention of contagion, avoidance of disease, etc. The second volume takes up diseases of the eye, ear, throat and nose and the care of these organs, as well as skin diseases, headache, rheumatism and sexual hygiene. The latter part of the volume
more » ... part of the volume is devoted to an article on insanity by Dr. Albert Warren Ferris and an appendix on "patent medicines." The observance, by the public, of the three rules laid down by the writer would practically solve the proprietary medicine question. They are: Do not use any remedy that does not show the formula on the label; consult a physician before using very much of any preparation; take no medicine internally without a physician's advice. In this article the pure food and drug legislation as well as the articles in Collier's Weekly are reviewed and summarized. Special attention is paid to headache powders and "tonics." Volume three takes up nervous diseases, the mother and child, diseases of the heart, and diseases of digestion. The chapters regarding the care of infants, infant feeding, etc., are particularly valuable, giving the young mother much informa¬ tion that the physician would be glad to see in her hands. plete the volume. Volume five comprises an article on sanita¬ tion by Dr. Thomas Darlington, one on water supply and purification by William P. Gerhard, with articles on pure food and management of houses, including plumbing, etc., while volume six, by S. W. Mitchell and S. E. White, take up the value of outdoor life in a practical way. This volume is, in many ways, the most enjoyable of the series. This little set of six volumes is thoroughly commendable and should have a Avide circulation. The only difficulty is that those who need it the most are apt to see the least of it. The Standard Family Physician. A Practical International on medicine that will not cater to unwise self-medication will not be questioned. On the intelligence of the layman in medical questions must depend the final outcome of the struggle between legitimate medicine and quackery and between society and the vicious habits and conditions which endanger the public health. In the education of the lay public great aid may be afforded by an authoritative work on household medicine. This desideratum is claimed to be supplied by the present work. The plan of this work includes a treatise on anatomy, physiology and pathology, and an encyclopedic dictionary treating of those topics in medicine which would be likely to have interest for the average layman. The first part occupies 97 pages of the first volume, while the dictionary completes the first and occupies most of the second volume. The treatment of the anatomic and physiologic part is necessarily brief but, so far as our examination goes, scientifically accurate. The second part deals with spe¬ cial pathology, pharmacology, diet and nursing. No exception can be taken to the accuracy of the facts stated and the descriptions of treatment give no encouragement to self-medi¬ cation. The attitude toward quackery, proprietary remedies, etc., is excellent. The question arises, however, whether it is necessary to have ?o large and expensive a book as this. Would not a work of average size and of a price within the reach of the average family be far better? An encyclopedic work like this one can be purchased only by the few and will be thoroughly read by still fewer of those who need to know its contents. that are attended by loss of substance\p=m-\nosmall proportion of the entire list of kertatitic processes. Beginning with a description of methods of examination and pathologic modes of invasion, the author gives a full account of the bacterial lesions of the corneal tissues as primary manifestations. Secondary infections of the cornea include diplobacillary ulcer, the infectious marginal ulcer of zur Nedden and those ulcerative processes that are seen with greater or less frequency in conjunctivitis resulting from the presence of pneumococcus, Koch\x=req-\ Weeks bacillus, and the staphylococcus, as well as from conjunctival lesions in diphtheria and in gonorrhea. MacNab then discusses the corneal ulceration that is so often associated with eczema and with so-called trophic disturbances\p=m-\keratitis neuroparalytica, corneal herpes, keratomalacia, etc. In an appendix are considered the operations that are frequently demanded in serious ulceration of the cornea, among them Axenfeld's operation for excision of the lachrymal sac. A useful part of this section is formed by the directions for removal of material from an ulcer for bacterial examina¬ tion, formulas for smear stains and useful observations on laboratory methods connected therewith. Although the illus¬ trations are poor and inadequate, the text is carefully writ¬ ten and reflects our latest and most reliable information on the subject. In the preface the author states that "authority" has been excluded as far as possible in the description of the clinical aspects of the diseases of the heart, i. e., the accounts are drawn "from life." This explains occasional omissions in the book and the fact that the author dwells with particular emphasis on certain points where he is, perhaps, rather at variance with authority. In some places the book is somewhat on the quiz compend order, with mere enumeration of facts rather than logical consideration of them. The chapter on the instrumental examination of the arteries and veins is timely and should whet the student's appetite for a more extended study of the writings of Mackenzie, Wenckenbach and others. The work is hardly to be classed as a systematic treatise to be placed in the hand of the undergraduate, but it is full of suggestive matter based on careful observation and fearless, original thinking and ought to be read by all specialists along the line of heart disease. An interesting chapter of ten pages on the volume of blood in relation to heart disease is added by Dr. This is a collation of figures, with brief explanatory text, to aid in the study and diagnosis of the less common parasites of man. The work is in the nature of an atlas and makes a handy reference for students of pathology and comparative medicine. The plates are well made and are sufficiently diagramatic to show the points the author intends to make.
doi:10.1001/jama.1907.02530060059014 fatcat:h5rpvnvvwnekljvadvmfnwjtva