Thermodynamic and Exergy Analyses of a Novel Solar-Powered CO2 Transcritical Power Cycle with Recovery of Cryogenic LNG Using Stirling Engines

A. Naseri, M. Fazlikhani, M. Sadeghzadeh, A. Naeimi, M. Bidi, Seyyed H. Tabatabaei
2020 Renewable Energy Research and Applications  
In this paper, a novel CO2 transcritical power cycle which is driven by solar energy integrated by a cryogenic LNG recovery unit is investigated. In the proposed cycle, the condenser unit of the CO2 power cycle is replaced by a Stirling engine. Thermodynamic and exergy analyses are carried out to evaluate the performance of the presented system. Furthermore, in order to investigate the impact of utilization of Stirling engines instead of conventional condenser units, the proposed cycle is
more » ... ed with the typical CO2 power cycle. The results show that employing the Stirling engine decrease the exergy destruction from 17% in the typical cycle to 8.85%. In addition, the total generated power of the novel system is considerably boosted up about 15 kW in off-peak times and more than 20 kW in the peak time. Moreover, integration of the Stirling engine also decreases LNG mass flow rate. Therefore, the required heat exchanger area in the LNG heater is also lowered.
doi:10.22044/rera.2020.9282.1023 doaj:df6527661b4144f0873193b15d40052b fatcat:ljkwxo4xjfapzl56hscsy5begu