Anti-Corruption Policies in Mongolia

Urangoo Khash-Erdene, Julak Lee
2018 Journal of Public Administration and Governance  
Since the 1990s, when Mongolia has transited to democracy and market economy, which began to reform all parts of society, corruption has become a serious issue. Though corruption does not trigger a fear like violent crimes, it is a very dangerous phenomenon that spreads all sectors of society in a hidden way, and there is no particular victim of corruption, but the society.Nowadays, the main obstacle to socio-economic growth in developing countries is corruption. Therefore, it is essential to
more » ... ow the nature, causes, characteristics, and structures of corruption in order to develop and implement an effective anti-corruption program.There is a need to fight against political and high-level corruption in Mongolia, as a country developing nation's economy based on the mining sector. This article looks at the corruption situation in Mongolia, its factors, causes and methods, the results of surveys on anti-corruption activities in Mongolia, and the nation's experience in fighting corruption.The article compares, summarizes and analyses studies the reports conducted by the Independent Authority Against Corruption of Mongolia, a nationwide survey on Perceptions and Knowledge of Corruption in Mongolia 2017, and other works of research institutions, and analysts.Corruption as a pressing issue of Mongolian society remains a cause for concern at both the administrative and elite levels paralyzing Mongolian decision making. The enforcement of anti-corruption policies is itself marred by corrupt practices and threats of mutual exposure.There is an increasing need to educate the public and to propagate the view of zero-tolerance for corruption and bribery throughout the society. Also it is essential to increase transparency in political activities, and the willingness of politicians in fighting against corruption.
doi:10.5296/jpag.v8i2.13120 fatcat:mlc6io2plfb6xpychskne7dyne