Study on Fractal Multistep Forecast for the Prediction of Driving Behavior

Longhai Yang, Hong Xu, Xiqiao Zhang, Shuai Li, Wenchao Ji
2020 Journal of Advanced Transportation  
The application and development of new technology make it possible to acquire real-time data of vehicles. Based on these real-time data, the behavior of vehicles can be analyzed. The prediction of vehicle behavior provides data support for the fine management of traffic. This paper proposes speed and acceleration have fractal features by R/S analysis of the time series data of speed and acceleration. Based on the characteristic analysis of microscopic parameters, the characteristic indexes of
more » ... ristic indexes of parameters are quantified, the fractal multistep prediction model of microparameters is established, and the BP (back propagation neural networks) model is established to estimate predictable step of fractal prediction model. The fractal multistep prediction model is used to predict speed acceleration in the predictable step. NGSIM trajectory data are used to test the multistep prediction model. The results show that the proposed fractal multistep prediction model can effectively realize the multistep prediction of vehicle speed.
doi:10.1155/2020/9150583 fatcat:54fb3ke6vzgfvhnfxmmmkzdnby