Rainfall and streamflow sensor network design: a review of applications, classification, and a proposed framework

Juan C. Chacon-Hurtado, Leonardo Alfonso, Dimitri P. Solomatine
2017 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Sensors and sensor networks play an important role in decision-making related to water quality, operational streamflow forecasting, flood early warning systems, and other areas. In this paper we review a number of existing applications and analyse a variety of evaluation and design procedures for sensor networks with respect to various criteria. Most of the existing approaches focus on maximising the observability and information content of a variable of interest.
more » ... iable of interest. From the context of hydrological modelling only a few studies use the performance of the hydrological simulation in terms of output discharge as a design criterion. In addition to the review, we propose a framework for classifying the existing design methods, and a generalised procedure for an optimal network design in the context of rainfall–runoff hydrological modelling.</p>
doi:10.5194/hess-21-3071-2017 fatcat:qphxfu2xejgfvcz62elr4cbtn4