Human-in-the-Loop Design with Machine Learning

Pan Wang, Danlin Peng, Ling Li, Liuqing Chen, Chao Wu, Xiaoyi Wang, Peter Childs, Yike Guo
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/k4mx7txlrvc2vmlwc37d47soey" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design</a> </i> &nbsp;
AbstractDeep learning methods have been applied to randomly generate images, such as in fashion, furniture design. To date, consideration of human aspects which play a vital role in a design process has not been given significant attention in deep learning approaches. In this paper, results are reported from a human- in-the-loop design method where brain EEG signals are used to capture preferable design features. In the framework developed, an encoder extracting EEG features from raw signals
more &raquo; ... orded from subjects when viewing images from ImageNet are learned. Secondly, a GAN model is trained conditioned on the encoded EEG features to generate design images. Thirdly, the trained model is used to generate design images from a person's EEG measured brain activity in the cognitive process of thinking about a design. To verify the proposed method, a case study is presented following the proposed approach. The results indicate that the method can generate preferred designs styles guided by the preference related brain signals. In addition, this method could also help improve communication between designers and clients where clients might not be able to express design requests clearly.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/dsi.2019.264">doi:10.1017/dsi.2019.264</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/egboi5gc7ja5ba34ra7ukezuim">fatcat:egboi5gc7ja5ba34ra7ukezuim</a> </span>
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