Linkage and the maintenance of heritable variation by mutation-selection balance

R Bürger
1989 Genetics  
The role of linkage in influencing heritable variation maintained through a balance between mutation and stabilizing selection is investigated for two different models. In both cases one trait is considered and the interactions within and between loci are assumed to be additive. Contrary to most earlier investigations of this problem no a priori assumptions on the distribution of genotypic values are imposed. For a deterministic two-locus two-allele model with recombination and mutation,
more » ... nd mutation, related to the symmetric viability model, a complete nonlinear analysis is performed. It is shown that, depending on the recombination rate, multiple stable equilibria may coexist. The equilibrium genetic and genic variances are calculated. For a polygenic trait in a finite population with a possible continuum of allelic effects a simulation study is performed. In both models the equilibrium genetic and genic variances are roughly equal to the house-of-cards prediction or its finite population counterpart as long as the recombination rate is not extremely low. However, negative linkage disequilibrium builds up. If the loci are very closely linked the equilibrium additive genetic variance is slightly lower than the house-of-cards prediction, but the genic variance is much higher. Depending on whether the parameters are in favor of the house-of-cards or the Gaussian approximation, different behavior of the genetic system occurs with respect to linkage.
doi:10.1093/genetics/121.1.175 fatcat:cl6tbhcuffhy3fdgj3lwx36kqm