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The Effect of Music Therapy on Pain, Anxiety and Vital Signs in Patients Undergoing Spinal Anaesthesia: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Türk Fen ve Sağlık Dergisi
Purpose: Music therapy has a wide range of uses in health care practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of intraoperative music played during spinal anesthesia operation on the patients' intraoperative vital signs, postoperative pain, and anxiety. Material and Methods: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in the knee replacement surgery with spinal anesthesia. 90 patients were recruited and randomly assigned to either music therapy group (n:30), non-sedateddoi:10.51972/tfsd.956551 fatcat:pewk6mxckrczlk32jdawdi4nli