Augmented NETT Regularization of Inverse Problems [article]

Daniel Obmann, Linh Nguyen, Johannes Schwab, Markus Haltmeier
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We propose aNETT (augmented NETwork Tikhonov) regularization as a novel data-driven reconstruction framework for solving inverse problems. An encoder-decoder type network defines a regularizer consisting of a penalty term that enforces regularity in the encoder domain, augmented by a penalty that penalizes the distance to the data manifold. We present a rigorous convergence analysis including stability estimates and convergence rates. For that purpose, we prove the coercivity of the regularizer
more » ... used without requiring explicit coercivity assumptions for the networks involved. We propose a possible realization together with a network architecture and a modular training strategy. Applications to sparse-view and low-dose CT show that aNETT achieves results comparable to state-of-the-art deep-learning-based reconstruction methods. Unlike learned iterative methods, aNETT does not require repeated application of the forward and adjoint models, which enables the use of aNETT for inverse problems with numerically expensive forward models. Furthermore, we show that aNETT trained on coarsely sampled data can leverage an increased sampling rate without the need for retraining.
arXiv:1908.03006v3 fatcat:ay6bu6gykva5zkyk2tie7zqztu