Assessing the readiness of public healthcare facilities to adopt health information technology (hit)/e-health: a case study of Komfo Anokye teaching hospital, Ghana

Salifu Yusif, Abdul Hafeez-Baig, Jeffrey Soar
Most health information technology (HIT)/e-Health initiatives in developing countries are still in project phases and few have become part of routine healthcare delivery due to the lack of clear implementation roadmap. Ghana has been piloting a number of e-Health initiatives, which have not guaranteed a sustainable implementation of such systems. The objective of this research study was to explore the information technology (IT) readiness of public healthcare institutions (primary, secondary
more » ... tertiary) in Ghana to adopt e-Health in order to develop a standard HIT/e-Health readiness assessment model. For a population of 28,678,251 people there are only 2,615 medical doctors on the Ministry of Health's (MoH) payroll as at 2013 and 1818 public hospitals. Consequently, the doctor to population ratio is extremely low as compared to other developing countries, which falls far below the WHO revised standard of 1:600. Under these circumstances there is evidence in developed countries that adoption of health informatics technologies can contribute to improving the situation. An extensive review of literature on e-health in developing countries has identified a general lack of adoption due to a lack of readiness to incorporate the technology into the healthcare environment. Literature provides myriad but fragmented models/frameworks of health information technology (HIT)/e-Health adoption readiness assessment limited measuring tools to assess factors of HIT readiness. This risks the outcomes of HIT/e-Health readiness assessment, which eventually limits knowledge about the strategic gaps warranting the need for the implementation of HIT/e-Health systems in public healthcare institutions in Ghana. Whiles previous studies acknowledge the existence of HIT readiness assessment factors, there exist very limited measuring items for these factors. Simply put, there is not just limited studies on HIT readiness assessment, but there is also no standard guiding readiness assessment model. This study has identified the lack of stan [...]
doi:10.26192/5f697671dccd6 fatcat:f5q7uylvljemdbe44l7bg7tple