Automated screening for Fragile X premutation carriers based on linguistic and cognitive computational phenotypes

Arezoo Movaghar, Marsha Mailick, Audra Sterling, Jan Greenberg, Krishanu Saha
2017 Scientific Reports  
Millions of people globally are at high risk for neurodegenerative disorders, infertility or having children with a disability as a result of the Fragile X (FX) premutation, a genetic abnormality in FMR1 that is underdiagnosed. Despite the high prevalence of the FX premutation and its effect on public health and family planning, most FX premutation carriers are unaware of their condition. Since genetic testing for the premutation is resource intensive, it is not practical to screen individuals
more » ... or FX premutation status using genetic testing. In a novel approach to phenotyping, we have utilized audio recordings and cognitive profiling assessed via self-administered questionnaires on 200 females. Machine-learning methods were developed to discriminate FX premutation carriers from mothers of children with autism spectrum disorders, the comparison group. By using a random forest classifier, FX premutation carriers could be identified in an automated fashion with high precision and recall (0.81 F1 score). Linguistic and cognitive phenotypes that were highly associated with FX premutation carriers were high language dysfluency, poor ability to organize material, and low self-monitoring. Our framework sets the foundation for computational phenotyping strategies to pre-screen large populations for this genetic variant with nominal costs. Published: xx xx xxxx OPEN 2 Scientific RepoRts | 7: 2674 |
doi:10.1038/s41598-017-02682-4 pmid:28572606 pmcid:PMC5454004 fatcat:kfuc6dsr4faaxaoauv5bcqxoim