A case report and literature review of Churg–Strauss syndrome presenting with myocarditis

Lu Qiao, Dengfeng Gao
2016 Medicine  
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is a multisystem disorder characterized by asthma, prominent peripheral blood eosinophilia, and vasculitis signs. Case summary: Here we report a case of CSS presenting with acute myocarditis and heart failure and review the literature on CSS with cardiac involvement. A 59-year-old man with general fatigue, numbness of limbs, and a 2-year history of asthma was admitted to the department of orthopedics. Eosinophilia, history of asthma, lung infiltrates, peripheral
more » ... ological damage, and myocarditis suggested the diagnosis of CSS. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a dilated hypokinetic left ventricle (left ventricular ejection fraction ∼40%) with mild segmental abnormalities in the septal and apical segments. Conclusion: By reviewing the present case reports, we concluded that (1) the younger age of CSS, the greater occurrence rate of complicating myocarditis and the poorer prognosis; (2) female CSS patients are older than male patients; (3) patients with cardiac involvement usually have a history of severe asthma; (4) markedly increased eosinophil count suggests a potential diagnosis of CSS (when the count increases to 20% of white blood cell counts or 8.1 Â 109/L, eosinophils start to infiltrate into myocardium); and (5) negative ANCA status is associated with heart disease in CSS. Abbreviations: ANCA = antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies, CK = creatinine kinase, CPR = C-reactive protein, CSS = Churg-Strauss syndrome, G-MPI = 99m Tc-sestamibi MIBI-gated myocardial perfusion imaging, MPO = antimyeloperoxidase.
doi:10.1097/md.0000000000005080 pmid:28002315 pmcid:PMC5181799 fatcat:too2is63drcwzm4jnqqsndtjo4