Differential Regulation of Lympho-Myelopoiesis by Stromal Cells in the Early and Late Phases in BALB/c Mice Repeatedly Exposed to Lipopolysaccharide

Isao Tsuboi, Tomonori Harada, Yoko Hirabayashi, Jun Kanno, Shin Aizawa
2016 Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin  
Chronic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure to mice reduces the lymphoid compartment and skews the hematopoietic cell compartment toward myeloid-cells, which is considered to be a direct effect of LPS on hematopoietic stem cells. However, the effect of chronic LPS exposure on stromal-cells, which compose the hematopoietic microenvironment, has not been elucidated. Here, we investigated early-and late-phase effects of repeated LPS exposure on stromal-cells. During the early phase, when mice were
more » ... eated with 5 or 25 µg LPS three times at weekly intervals, the numbers of myeloid-progenitor (colony forming unit-granulocyte macrophage (CFU-GM)) cells and B lymphoid-progenitor (CFU-preB) cells in the bone-marrow (BM) rapidly decreased after each treatment. The number of CFU-GM cells recovered from the initial decrease and then increased to levels higher than pretreatment levels, whereas the number of CFU-preB cells remained lower than pretreatment levels. In the BM, expression of genes for positive-regulators of myelopoiesis including granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and interleukin (IL)-6 and negative-regulators of B lymphopoiesis including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α was up-regulated, whereas expression of positive-regulators of B lymphopoiesis including stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1, IL-7, and stem cell factor (SCF) was down-regulated. During the late phase, the number of CFU-preB cells remained lower than pretreatment levels 70 d after the first treatments with 5 and 25 µg LPS, whereas the number of CFU-GM cells returned to pretreatment levels. IL-7 gene expression in the BM remained down-regulated, whereas gene-expression levels of SDF-1 and SCF were restored. Thus, chronic LPS exposure may impair stromal-cell function, resulting in prolonged suppression of B lymphopoiesis, which may appear to be senescence similar to the hematological phenotype.
doi:10.1248/bpb.b16-00375 pmid:27904036 fatcat:vujcqvxv6zeodetooso4uzqlqq