Morpholino Analogues of Fingolimod as Novel and Selective S1P1 Ligands with In Vivo Efficacy in a Mouse Model of Experimental Antigen-Induced Encephalomyelitis

Bisera Stepanovska, Aleksandra Zivkovic, Gaby Enzmann, Silvia Tietz, Thomas Homann, Burkhard Kleuser, Britta Engelhardt, Holger Stark, Andrea Huwiler
2020 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, inflammatory, autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS) which is associated with lower life expectancy and disability. The experimental antigen-induced encephalomyelitis (EAE) in mice is a useful animal model of MS, which allows exploring the etiopathogenetic mechanisms and testing novel potential therapeutic drugs. A new therapeutic paradigm for the treatment of MS was introduced in 2010 through the sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) analogue
more » ... imod (FTY720, Gilenya®), which acts as a functional S1P1 antagonist on T lymphocytes to deplete these cells from the blood. In this study, we synthesized two novel structures, ST-1893 and ST-1894, which are derived from fingolimod and chemically feature a morpholine ring in the polar head group. These compounds showed a selective S1P1 activation profile and a sustained S1P1 internalization in cultures of S1P1-overexpressing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells, consistent with a functional antagonism. In vivo, both compounds induced a profound lymphopenia in mice. Finally, these substances showed efficacy in the EAE model, where they reduced clinical symptoms of the disease, and, on the molecular level, they reduced the T-cell infiltration and several inflammatory mediators in the brain and spinal cord. In summary, these data suggest that S1P1-selective compounds may have an advantage over fingolimod and siponimod, not only in MS but also in other autoimmune diseases.
doi:10.3390/ijms21186463 pmid:32899717 fatcat:73es7ms5ezcixchnwv7aebirwi