A New Numerical Approach for Exergy Targets and Losses Determination in Sub-Ambient Processes
Chemical Engineering Transactions
Sub-ambient processes such as a refrigeration system are a highly energy intensive area in chemical industries. Refrigeration systems require a high level of process cooling using a combination of compression and expansion operations. It is, therefore, crucial to optimise heat transfer between the utility system and the process streams including the placement of compression and expansion operations to minimise the exergy losses and work as much as possible. This paper demonstrates how heat
... rates how heat integration tools such as Pinch Analysis and Exergy Analysis can be applied to determine exergy losses and exergy targets for sub-ambient processes. In this study, a numerical approach, the Exergy Problem Table Algorithm (Ex-PTA), is proposed as an improved method compared to the graphical method based on the Extended Pinch Analysis and Design (ExPAnD) methodology. The methodology is applied to a literature case study of a refrigeration system to prove its validity. For the new numerical method, the minimum exergy requirement above the Exergy Pinch is 2.67 kW, while the maximum exergy rejection below the Exergy Pinch is 1.33 kW. The result shows that the total exergy loss for the process is 4.74 kW. In contrast, the maximum exergy rejection and minimum exergy requirement obtained in ExPAnD are 0.46 kW and 5.38 kW while the total exergy loss is 6.72 kW. These new targets assume so-called horizontal heat transfer is allowed between process and utility streams, whereas the ExPAnD method assumes vertical heat transfer between process and utility and, therefore, results in less optimistic targets.