A disposable two-throughput electrochemical immunosensor chip for simultaneous multianalyte determination of tumor markers

Jie Wu, Zhijie Zhang, Zhifeng Fu, Huangxian Ju
2007 Biosensors & bioelectronics  
A disposable two-throughput immunosensor array was proposed for simultaneous electrochemical determination of tumor markers. The low-cost immunosensor array was fabricated simply using cellulose acetate membrane to co-immobilize thionine as a mediator and two kinds of antigens on two carbon electrodes of a screen-printed chip, respectively. With two simultaneous competitive immunoreactions the corresponding horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labeled antibodies were captured on the membranes,
more » ... ely, on which the immobilized thionine shuttled electrons between HRP and the electrodes for enzymatic reduction of H 2 O 2 to produce detectable signals. The electrochemical and electronic cross-talks between the electrodes could be avoided, which was beneficial to the miniaturization of the array without considering the distance between immunosensors. Under optimal conditions the immunosensor array could be used for fast simultaneous electrochemical detection of CA 19-9 and CA 125 with the limits of detection of 0.2 and 0.4 U/ml, respectively. The serum samples from clinic were assayed with the proposed method and the results were in acceptable agreement with the reference values. The proposed method for preparation of immunosensor array could be conveniently used for fabrication of disposable electrochemical biochip with high throughput and possessed the potential of mass production and commercialization.
doi:10.1016/j.bios.2007.03.023 pmid:17475473 fatcat:bpvj5caihrhmvih7uqtrjxlodm