Pre-Pressure Optimization for Ultrasonic Motors Based on Multi-Sensor Fusion
This paper investigates the pre-pressure's influence on the key performance of a traveling wave ultrasonic motor (TRUM) using simulations and experimental tests. An analytical model accompanied with power dissipation is built, and an electric cylinder is first adopted in regulating the pre-pressure rapidly, flexibly and accurately. Both results provide several new features for exploring the function of pre-pressure. It turns out that the proportion of driving zone within the contact region
... contact region declines as the pre-pressure increases, while a lower power dissipation and slower temperature rise can be achieved when the driving zones and the braking zones are in balance. Moreover, the shrinking speed fluctuations with the increasing pre-pressures are verified by the periodic-varying axial pressure. Finally, stalling torque, maximum efficiency, temperature rise and speed variance are all integrated to form a novel optimization criterion, which achieves a slower temperature rise and lower stationary error between 260 and 320 N. The practical speed control errors demonstrate that the proportion of residual error declines from 2.88% to 0.75% when the pre-pressure is changed from 150 to 300 N, which serves as one of the pieces of evidence of the criterion's effectiveness.